Transboundary water cooperation: An instrument for peace

After the Pakistan General Elections 2018, the upcoming government has revealed the broad layout of its policies through the victory speech and the inaugural address of the Prime Minister. It provides a clear focus on how to combat climate change and the much-needed foreign policy. The foreign policy mainly revolves around all of our bordering states.

Among the four bordering states, Pakistan shares its waters with two of its neighbours; India and Afghanistan. With India, Pakistan signed a landmark water agreement in 1960, the ‘Indus Water Treaty‘ that gives India the proprietary right of the three eastern rivers; Beas, Ravi, and Sutlej. While control over the water flowing in three western rivers- the Indus, Chenab, and Jhelum were given to Pakistan. However, no such treaty exists between Pakistan and Afghanistan over the Kabul River- one of the major tributaries of the Indus River, which contributes 10 to 12 percent of the Indus River System flow.

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