The Middle East, oil rich but water poor, with about 6 percent of the world’s population, has only 1 percent of the Earth’s renewable water resources. Fourteen Middle East and North African countries are among the 33 most water-stressed in the world.
Climate change, drought and population growth have...Read moreDownload Document Link to the Original
The Hamouns are transboundary wetlands on the Iran-Afghan border made up of three lakes: Hamoun-e Helmand, which is entirely in Iran, Hamoun-e Sabari on the border, and Hamoun-e Puzak, almost entirely inside Afghanistan. The three lakes are linked and fed by water from the Helmand River which starts in the...Read moreDownload Document Link to the Original
This paper is based on a quick situation analysis of drought-coping measures and responses in Afghanistan. The study consisted of a survey with farm families and key government officials and covered two western provinces of the country. It also drew from other similar surveys, for example the one conducted in...Read moreDownload Document Link to the Original
This paper takes into consideration the negative impact on drinking water, agricultural outputs, number of livestock, internal displacements, environment degradation and weak socio-economic development in the country and focuses on the impact of the recent drought and the armed conflict on water availability for different users. The paper finds that drought...Read moreDownload Document Link to the Original
This paper warns of escalating water dispute between Iran and Afghanistan over shared rivers’ allocation of water, and calls on American intervention to help resolve it. The author holds both countries to account for lack of environmental surveys, and asks for better management and international help. The paper further adds...Read moreDownload Document Link to the Original