Earlier this month, Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, in a speech in the Iranian Parliament, warned of reciprocity against Afghanistan over the issue of water rights should Afghanistan continue to disregard Iran’s demands.
“At this point in time, we are left with one option and that’s reciprocity; that is, to take tough measures in certain areas of Afghanistan,” he said. “We expect the Afghan government to meet our legal and legitimate demands before Iran is obliged to act in reciprocity.”
This is not the first time that Iranian officials are threatening their sovereign neighbour to the East, Afghanistan, for unreasonable demands with regard to sharing water from the Helmand River.
President Hassan Rouhani, at a conference on combating sand and dust storms in July last year in Tehran, has also stated that “we cannot stay indifferent to something that can degrade our environment. The construction of numerous dams in Afghanistan such as the Kajaki dam, Kamal Khan dam, Salma dam and others in northern and southern part of Afghanistan have affected our provinces of Khorasan, Sistan and Baluchestan.”
The narrative provided by the Iranian leadership is not only meritless but is also not fact-based.
Afghanistan and Iran have three trans-boundary rivers between them – Helmand, Harirod and Farahrod, which originate deep inside Afghanistan.Download Document